Have you ever wondered how your actions sometimes may affect the environment?
Its a known fact, that we humans pollute and cause most of the damage to the environment.
So, what can we do to stop this exploitation and save it for future generations?
Here is a thought! Organic farming.
Organic farming/agriculture relies on ecosystem management rather than external agricultural input. It plays a major role to support biodiversity, to maintain a natural balance, and in the preservation of natural resources.
WOW! that’s amazing you say. There is so much more! Let’s get started.
What Is Organic Farming?
It is a system that considers potential environmental and social impacts by eliminating the use of synthetic inputs in farming. These are replaced with organic fertilizers which increase long-term soil fertility and prevent pests and diseases.
Above all, food produced in this manner are improved in taste and has a higher nutritive value. It also serves to reduce pollution and soil erosion. It helps in conserving water, increase soil fertility, and consume less energy. Let us discuss some advantages of Organic farming
1. Say No to Harmful chemicals and Pesticides.
Farmers use pesticides on the crop to make them resistant to disease and to increase farm output. However, as a side effect, these chemicals contaminate the soil for the long-term causing soil compaction, erosion, etc.
Synthetic fertilizers used in crop rotation have greater impacts in soil. These harsh chemicals contaminate soil, water, and air as well.
Organic mineral and micro-biological fertilizers on the other hand, contribute towards the conservation of the natural environment.
2. Facilitates the Formation of Healthy soil.
To grow healthy food, we need a healthy base to supply nutrition. Thus, for healthy soil one must stop exploiting it with hazardous pesticides. Usage of such chemicals makes the soil to lose its natural thriving process.
Just 1 teaspoon of composite rich organic soil can host 600 million to one billion helpful bacteria from 15,000 species whereas the same quantity of the chemical treated soil has only 100 bacteria.
It takes a minimum of 100 years to form an inch of topsoil, so imagine how much soil can be saved if all farmers grew their crops by organic farming.
3. Organic Farming Resists Global Warming Effect
Organic agriculture participates in mitigating the greenhouse effect and global warming through its ability to separate carbon in the soil. Did you know, that soil treated with chemicals can emit greenhouse gases?
There are also climate changes that do not favor farming.
Organic farming is likely to not only lessen carbon dioxide in the air but also can slow down the climate changing process.
4. Organic Farming Helps To Fight Erosion
Organic agribusiness helps to create healthy soil, thus preventing them from erosion. As an outcome nutrient and energy cycling are boosted and the retentive abilities of the soil for nutrients and water are enhanced. Such management techniques also play a significant role in soil erosion management.
The study says, that organic farming can create topsoil 8 inches higher than the chemically treated ones and only one-third of the soil is lost by soil erosion.
5.Improves Water Health
Organic farm conserves water, unlike non- organic farms where the water is contaminated with those harmful pesticides.
Organic farmers concentrate more on soil amendment (with mulch) and irrigate their farms with much attention to water and energy usage. For instance, they use organic fertilizer (compost, animal manure, green manure), which are eco-friendly.
6.Discourage Algal formation
Algal blooms (HABs) consequences have adverse effects on the health of people and ocean animals and organisms. It is the result of a rapid increase in the algae population in freshwater or marine water. Its accumulation can cause discoloration and can affect the supply of water. However, the usage of petroleum-based fertilizers in conventional farms contributes to its part as well.
7.Supports Animal Health
Organic farming supports natural habitats of insects, birds, fish, and animals. It allows a peaceful environment for all creatures that play a significant role in natural pest control. Furthermore, animals can also enjoy a clean, chemical-free environment. It keeps them healthy and immune to the disease.
8. Organic Farming promotes biodiversity
Nowadays, species extinction has become popular. Organic farmers are both protectors and users of biodiversity at all degrees.
The maintenance of structures by providing food and shelter, and the lack of pesticide use, as a result attract new species to the organic area, including wild flora and fauna (e.g. birds) and organisms useful to the organic system such as pollinators and pest predators.
Reduced biodiversity may promote the spread of infectious diseases which may also influence people’s lifestyles.
Besides, each one of us is responsible for protecting the environment.